Diabetes type 2: The best diet plan for high blood sugar – and it’ll help with weight loss
Diabetes is a common condition that affects around 3.8 million people in the UK, and 90 per cent of all cases are caused by type 2 diabetes. The condition is caused by the pancreas not producing enough of the hormone insulin, or the body not reacting to insulin. Without enough insulin, the body struggles to convert sugar in the blood into useable energy. You could lower your risk of developing high blood sugar by following a low-carb diet plan, it’s been claimed.
Cutting back on the amount of carbohydrate in your diet could help to prevent blood sugar spikes, according to medical website Diabetes.co.uk.
Having high blood sugar means the body needs to produce more insulin, or the patient needs to take more insulin.
But, lowering the need for insulin could reduce insulin resistance, and may help people to reverse their type 2 diabetes, it said.
“Many people with diabetes are following a low-carb diet because of its benefits in terms of improving diabetes control, weight loss and being a diet that is satisfying and easy to stick to,” said Diabetes.co.uk.
“Low-carb diets are flexible and can be followed by people with different types of diabetes.
“The diet has allowed many people with type 2 diabetes to resolve their diabetes, that is to get their blood sugar levels into a non-diabetic range without the help of medication.
“Carbohydrate is the nutrient which has the greatest effect in terms of raising blood sugar levels and requires the most insulin to be taken or be produced by the body.
“Insulin is also the fat storage hormone in the body, so reducing insulin in the body with a low-carb diet can help with losing weight.”
A low carbohydrate diet includes eating less than 130g of carbs in a single day, it said. But, it’s still important to choose a level of carbohydrate that works for you.
Someone with type 2 diabetes and needs to lose weight may consider following a very-low carbohydrate diet, it claimed.
But it’s absolutely crucial that your speak to a doctor before significantly cutting back on the amount of carbohydrate in your diet. This is especially important if you are on diabetes medication that could lead to low blood sugar – including insulin.
If you have diabetes, there aren’t any foods that you should actively avoid, but it’s important to limit the amount of sugar, fat and salt in your diet, said the NHS.
Instead, make sure you eat a healthy, balanced diet, and do regular exercise. Everyone should do at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity activity every week.
Many people may be living with diabetes without even realising it, because the symptoms don’t necessarily make you feel unwell.
Common diabetes symptoms include feeling very tired, passing more urine than normal, and having blurred vision.
Speak to a doctor if you’re worried about the signs of diabetes, or if you think you may be at risk.